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Shifting Mathematics Classroom Instruction

Eight Effective Teaching Practices

In this new era of mathematics standards and the inclusion of Standards for Mathematical Practice or Process Standards, students are required to develop thinking skills infrequently asked of them by their former teachers of mathematics. In order to support students in this exciting and important quest toward mathematical proficiency, teachers must create more opportunities for students to collaborate, debate, and reflect in the instructional setting. The National Council for Teachers of Mathematics published an extraordinary book summarizing decades worth of research about effective teaching practices that support student growth toward mathematics proficiency. Principles to Actions: Ensuring Mathematical Success for All (NCTM, 2014) discusses and illustrates eight teaching strategies proven to lead to deeper student understanding of mathematical concepts.

Establish Math Goals to Promote Learning

Implement Tasks That Promote Reasoning & Problem Solving

Use and Connect Mathematical Representations

Facilitate Meaningful Mathematical Discourse

Pose Purposeful Questions

Build Procedural Fluency from Conceptual Understanding

Support Productive Struggle in Learning Mathematics

Elicit and Use Evidence of Student Thinking

Pear School Solutions Apporach to Math Professional Development Effective Teaching Practices
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